Cutting Tools

Mechanical engineering will play a leading role in accelerating scientific and technological progress in the economy of our country. The characteristic features of its development is the automation of technological processes, wider introduction of robotics, flexible manufacturing systems, ensuring high productivity. The cutting tool attached to the workpiece the desired shape and size. Its efficiency and reliability have a significant impact on the economic efficiency of production engineering. Basic requirements for the cutting tools is determined by their official designation: the ability to perform of the required functionality, while ensuring the formation of the corresponding surfaces on the workpiece and the necessary economic parameters of the processing. Features of the cutting process treated workpiece material provided by cutting part of the instrument (physical and mechanical properties, especially heat treatment), as well as the correct choice of its geometric parameters. Getting the required forms, size and quality of the machined surface design details provided by the instrument (in his first cutting edges), as well as features of attachment-based management tool and the size.

Cost-effectiveness of the cutting tool is determined by the processing capacity and its cost. Performance is determined by the mode of processing, ie level of cutting speed, feed, cutting depth. These numbers depend on the material side of the cutting tool, its application design, conditions of chip formation and its removal from the cutting zone, the number of simultaneous cutting edge, and many others conditions. Cost of treatment depends on the details of the design features of the tool, and on the complexity of its production and recovery properties during the cutting operation.